AVANTI POLAR LIPIDS , CYGNUS , LARODAN , ADIPOGEN , MYBIOSOURCE , SERVA NORDMARK, BIOWORLD, EDGEBIO , PANREAC APPLICHEM
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Product description: Polyclonal Antibody. Recognizes the Human, Mouse, Rat protein. Liquid. HEPES with 0.15M NaCl, 0.01% BSA, 0.03% sodium azide, and 50% glycerol. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) is a catalytic enzyme commonly known to be involved in glycolysis. The enzyme exists as a tetramer of identical 37 kDa subunits. GAPDH catalyzes the reversible reduction of 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate to glyceraldehyde 3-phosphophate in the presence of NADPH. Apart from playing a key role in glycolysis, this ubiquitously expressed enzyme also displays other activities unrelated to its°°glycolytic function. GAPDH is reported to be involved in the processes of DNA replication, DNA repair, nuclear RNA export (3-4), membrane fusion and microtubule bundling. Other studies also provide evidence of GAPDH playing an essential part of the program of gene expression observed in apoptosis and as part of the cellular phenotype of age-related neurodegenerative diseases (6-7). Has both glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and nitrosylase activities, thereby playing a role in glycolysis and nuclear functions, respectively. Participates in nuclear events including transcription, RNA transport, DNA replication and apoptosis. Nuclear functions are probably due to the nitrosylase activity that mediates cysteine S-nitrosylation of nuclear target proteins such as SIRT1, HDAC2 and PRKDC. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is a key enzyme in glycolysis that catalyzes the first step of the pathway by converting D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P) into 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate.
Alternate Names/Synonyms: GAPD; GAPDH; CDABP0047; EC=2.6.99.-; EC=18.104.22.168; Peptidyl-Cysteine S-Nitrosylase GAPDH; Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase; Loading Control
Product Type: Polyclonal Antibody
Immunogen: Recombinant human protein purified from E. coli.
Species Crossreactivity: Human, Mouse, Rat
Concentration: 0.2 mg/ml
Formulation: Liquid. HEPES with 0.15M NaCl, 0.01% BSA, 0.03% sodium azide, and 50% glycerol.
Short Term Storage: +4°C
Long Term Storage: -20°C
Shipping: BLUE ICE
Use & Stability: Stable for at least 1 year after receipt when stored at -20°C.
Literature References: 1) Baxi, M. D. and Vishwanatha, J. K. (1995) Biochemistry. 34, 9700-9707. (General)2) McNulty, S. E. and Toscano, W. A. Jr. (1995) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 34, 165-171. (General)3) Singh, R. and Green, M. R. (1993) Science. 259, 365-368. (General)4) Zang, W. Q. et al. (1998) Virology. 28, 46-52. (General)5) Han, X. et al. (1998) Biochem. Biophys. Acta. 1414, 95-107. (General)6) Kragten, E. et al. (1998) J. Biol. Chem. 273, 5821-5828. (General)7) Koshy, B. (1996) Hum. Mol. Genet. 5, 1311-1318. (General)
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