AVANTI POLAR LIPIDS , CYGNUS , LARODAN , ADIPOGEN , MYBIOSOURCE , SERVA NORDMARK, BIOWORLD, EDGEBIO , PANREAC APPLICHEM
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Product description: Monoclonal Antibody. Recognizes the Human protein. Liquid. HEPES with 0.15M NaCl, 0.01% BSA, 0.03% sodium azide, and 50% glycerol. Kininogens are precursors for kinin, and the two main types of them are high-molecular weight kininogen (HMWK) and low-molecular weight kininogen (LMWK). HMWK also known as the Williams-Fitzgerald-Flaujeac factor is a protein from the blood coagulation system as well as the kinin-kallikrein system. It acts mainly as a cofactor on coagulation and inflammation, and has no intrinsic catalytic activity. LMWK is produced locally by numerous tissues, and secreted together with tissue kallikrein. Kininogens are synthesized in the liver and circulate in the plasma and other body fluids. The kinins are pharmacologically active polypeptides released in the tissues and body fluids as a result of the enzymatic action of kallikreins on kininogens. The kinin family includes bradykinin (BK) (Arg-Pro-Pro-gly-Phe-Ser-Pro-Phe-Arg), kallidin (Lys-Arg-Pro-Pro-Gly-Phe-Ser-Pro-Phe-Arg) and methionyl-lysyl-BK (Met-Lys-Arg-Pro-Pro-Gly-Phe-Arg). Kallidin and methionyl-lysyl-BK are converted into BK by aminopeptidases present in plasma and urine. Active tissue kallikrein acts on LMWK to release kallidin. The plasma kallikrein is found in circulation in an inactive form, which is known as prekallikrein or Fletcher factor. BK and kallidin act through activation of G-protein-coupled constitutive B(2) or inducible kinin B(1) receptors linked to signaling pathways involving increased intracellular Ca concentrations and/or release of mediators including arachidonic acid metabolites, NO and EDHF (Endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor). In the cardiovascular system, the kallikrein-kinin system exerts a fine control of vascular smooth muscle tone and arterial blood pressure, and plays a significant cardioprotective effect. Kininogens are inhibitors of thiol proteases; HMW-kininogen plays an important role in blood coagulation by helping to position optimally prekallikrein and factor XI next to factor XII; HMW-kininogen inhibits the thrombin- and plasmin-induced aggregation of thrombocytes; the active peptide bradykinin that is released from HMW-kininogen shows a variety of physiological effects: (4A) influence in smooth muscle contraction, (4B) induction of hypotension, (4C) natriuresis and diuresis, (4D) decrease in blood glucose level, (4E) it is a mediator of inflammation and causes (4E1) increase in vascular permeability, (4E2) stimulation of nociceptors (4E3) release of other mediators of inflammation (e.g. prostaglandins), (4F) it has a cardioprotective effect (directly via bradykinin action, indirectly via endothelium-derived relaxing factor action); LMW-kininogen inhibits the aggregation of thrombocytes; LMW-kininogen is in contrast to HMW-kininogen not involved in blood clotting.
Alternate Names/Synonyms: BDK; KNG1
Product Type: Monoclonal Antibody
Isotype: Mouse IgG kappa
Immunogen: Protein purified from human plasma.
Applications: ELISA, WB
Species Crossreactivity: Human
Formulation: Liquid. HEPES with 0.15M NaCl, 0.01% BSA, 0.03% sodium azide, and 50% glycerol.
Short Term Storage: +4°C
Long Term Storage: -20°C
Shipping: BLUE ICE
Use & Stability: Stable for at least 1 year after receipt when stored at -20°C.
Literature References: 1) Sainz IM, Pixley RA, and Colman RW. (2007) Thromb Haemost. 98(1):77-83. (General)2) Sharma JN,. (2006) Arch Med Res. 37(3):299-306. (General)3) Marcondes S and Antunes E. (2005) Curr Med Chem Cardiovasc Hematol Agents. 3(1):33-44. (General)
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