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Product description: Polyclonal Antibody. Recognizes the Human, Mouse, Rat protein. Liquid. HEPES with 0.15M NaCl, 0.01% BSA, 0.03% sodium azide, and 50% glycerol. NF-kappaB (Nuclear Factor kappa B) is a nuclear transcription factor found in all cell types and is involved in cellular responses to stimuli such as stress, cytokines, free radicals, ultraviolet irradiation, and bacterial or viral antigens. NF-kappaB plays a key role in regulating the immune response to infection. Consistent with this role, incorrect regulation of NF-kappaB has been linked to cancer, inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, septic shock, viral infection and improper immune development. There are five members in the NF-kappaB family: NF-kappaB1, NF-kappaB2, RelA (also named p65), RelB, and c-Rel. The RelB protein is present in the cytosol, bound to p50 or p52 and an inhibitory IkappaB protein, forming an inactive trimeric complex. Following cell signalling events leading to IkappaB degradation, Rel/NFkappa-B proteins are translocated to the nucleus where they regulate gene expression. The genes controlled by Rel/NF-kappaB family members are predominantly genes involved in the host response to infection, stress and injury. RelB mediates the regulation of genes involved in immune and inflammatory processes. NF-kappa-B is a pleiotropic transcription factor which is present in almost all cell types and is involved in many biological processed such as inflammation, immunity, differentiation, cell growth, tumorigenesis and apoptosis. NF-kappa-B is a homo- or heterodimeric complex formed by the Rel-like domain-containing proteins RELA/p65, RELB, NFKB1/p105, NFKB1/p50, REL and NFKB2/p52. The dimers bind at kappa-B sites in the DNA of their target genes and the individual dimers have distinct preferences for different kappa-B sites that they can bind with distinguishable affinity and specificity. Different dimer combinations act as transcriptional activators or repressors, respectively. NF-kappa-B is controlled by various mechanisms of post-translational modification and subcellular compartmentalization as well as by interactions with other cofactors or corepressors. NF-kappa-B complexes are held in the cytoplasm in an inactive state complexed with members of the NF-kappa-B inhibitor (I-kappa-B) family. In a conventional activation pathway, I-kappa-B is phosphorylated by I-kappa-B kinases (IKKs) in response to different activators, subsequently degraded thus liberating the active NF-kappa-B complex which translocates to the nucleus. NF-kappa-B heterodimeric RelB-p50 and RelB-p52 complexes are transcriptional activators. RELB neither associates with DNA nor with RELA/p65 or REL. Stimulates promoter activity in the presence of NFKB2/p49.
Alternate Names/Synonyms: RELB; I-Rel; Transcription Factor RelB
Product Type: Polyclonal Antibody
Immunogen: Synthetic peptide.
Species Crossreactivity: Human, Mouse, Rat
Formulation: Liquid. HEPES with 0.15M NaCl, 0.01% BSA, 0.03% sodium azide, and 50% glycerol.
Short Term Storage: +4°C
Long Term Storage: -20°C
Shipping: BLUE ICE
Use & Stability: Stable for at least 1 year after receipt when stored at -20°C.
Literature References: 1) Campbell KJ, Perkins ND. Cell Cycle. 2004; vol.3(7): p.869-72. (General)2) Perkins ND. Trends Cell Biol. 2004; vol.14(2): p.64-9. (General)3) Zanetti M, et al, Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2003; vol.987: p.249-57. (General)
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